Complete Project Budget Details

*Click each budget phase or plus + symbol to expand to see the details
  • Core Drilling, Geological Sampling, and 3D Map Modeling:
    • Summary of work: To create different 3D computer maps of the area for the scientific study of the site and its surrounding region. To gather soil and rock samples from the surface and from below the ground by doing a core drilling survey. This will help us determine what the type of layers are that we are seeing in the geophysical survey data (see geophysical survey work below).
    • What will this tell us about the boat formation site? The samples the scientists gather from the surface and from below the ground will help them understand not only the geological history of the area but what exactly are the below-the-ground layers and features we are seeing on the radar and resistivity scans. We hope to core down into these possible man-made layers to retrieve samples of the material that make up these features we see on the scans. Could they be thick layers of petrified wood (stone) or just natural basalt and sedimentary rock layers? Time will tell!
      • What is petrified wood?
        • Petrified wood literally means “wood turned to stone.” It’s a special type of fossilized remains of land vegetation. One way that it is created is when “wood is preserved from decomposition by rapid entombment in mud, particularly mud formed from volcanic ash. The wood is then mineralized to transform it to stone.” (Wikipedia)
        • “Petrified wood is a type of fossil, in which the tissues of a dead plant are replaced with minerals (most often a silicate, like quartz). The petrifaction process occurs underground, when wood or woody materials suddenly become buried under sediment. Mineral-rich water flowing through the sediment deposits minerals in the plant’s cells and as the plant’s lignin and cellulose decays away, a stone cast is left in its place.” (Petrified Wood in Days,
        • “Usually, silicate minerals replace the wood in these fossils. Quartz is a common example.” (Types of Petrified Wood, Gemcoach)
        • “Petrification (petros means stone) occurs when the organic matter is completely replaced by minerals and the fossil is turned to stone. This generally occurs by filling the pores of the tissue, and inter and intra cellular spaces with minerals, then dissolving the organic matter and replacing it with minerals. This method reproduces the original tissue in every detail. This kind of fossilization occurs in both hard and soft tissues. An example of this kind of fossilization is petrified wood.” (Fossils: Window to the past: Permineralization)
    • Orthophoto preparation: 3D digital surface modeling, geological and geomorphological land survey for the region around the boat formation.
      • Geological Map preparation.
        • “A geologic map is a special-purpose map made to show various geological features.” (Wikipedia)
        • “Geologic mapping is a highly interpretive, scientific process that can produce a range of map products for many different uses, including assessing ground-water quality and contamination risks; predicting earthquake, volcano, and landslide hazards; characterizing energy and mineral resources and their extraction costs.” (USGS)
        • 1/1000 Geological Map preparation (km2).
        • 1/5000 Geological Map preparation (km2).
      • Geomorphological Map preparation.
    • Mineralogical, petrographic and chemical analysis of rock and soil samples from the region around the boat site (20 pieces).
      • “Mineralogy is the study of the chemistry, crystal structure and physical properties of the mineral constituents of rocks.” (University of Colorado Boulder)
      • ICP-MS Analysis.
        • “Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) is an elemental analysis technology capable of detecting most of the periodic table of elements at milligram to nanogram levels per liter.” (Thermo Fisher Scientific)
      • XRD pattern shooting and sample preparation.
        • “X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) is a technique used in materials science to determine the crystallographic structure of a material. XRD works by irradiating a material with incident X-rays and then measuring the intensities and scattering angles of the X-rays that leave the material.” (TWI)
        • “X-ray diffraction (XRD) is the only laboratory technique that reveals structural information, such as chemical composition, crystal structure, crystallite size, strain, preferred orientation and layer thickness. Materials researchers therefore use XRD to analyze a wide range of materials, from powder X-ray diffraction (XRPD) to solids, thin films and nanomaterials.” (Malvern Panalytical)
      • Petrographic analysis and thin section preparation.
        • “Petrology is the study of rocks – igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary – and the processes that form and transform them.” (University of Colorado Boulder)
    • Core drilling survey of boat formation and surrounding area.
    • GIS Mapping and analysis of cores.
      • “A geographic information system (GIS) is a system that creates, manages, analyzes, and maps all types of data. GIS connects data to a map, integrating location data (where things are) with all types of descriptive information (what things are like there). This provides a foundation for mapping and analysis that is used in science and almost every industry. GIS helps users understand patterns, relationships, and geographic context.” (Esri)
      • “A geographic information system (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of geographical data. The keyword to this technology is Geography – this means that some portion of the data is spatial. In other words, data that is in some way referenced to locations on the earth.” (University of Wisconsin-Madison Libraries Research Guides)
    • Portable drilling machine, core elements, plastic core boxes.
    • Reporting of all the results.
    • Subtotal: $26,751.21
  • Geophysical Surveys of the Boat Formation and the Ruined House/Gravesite:
    • Summary of work: To use different modern non-destructive survey techniques to “see” below the surface at the Noah’s ark boat formation site and the ruined house site and gravesite in the village of Arzap.
    • What will this tell us about the boat formation site? The complete geophysical surveys using different technologies to scan each of these sites will give us an unprecedented peek below the ground using these modern non-destructive techniques. We hope to be able to spot possible archaeological man-made features below the ground with these different types of scans.
    • Archaeologist fee.
      • Subtotal: $1,000.00
    • GPR (ground-penetrating radar) measurement studies in the research area (6600 m²).
      • “Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) is a geophysical method that uses radar pulses to image the subsurface.” (Wikipedia)
    • ERT 3D (electrical resistivity tomography aka resistivity) and transverse 2 profile ERT 2D measurement studies and report preparation in 4 regions in the research area, each of which is 1512 m² and a total area of 6048 m².
      • “Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) or electrical resistivity imaging (ERI) is a geophysical technique for imaging sub-surface structures from electrical resistivity measurements made at the surface, or by electrodes in one or more boreholes.” (Wikipedia)
    • Magnetometer survey in the research area (6600 m²).
      • “Magnetic surveying is one of a number of methods used in archaeological geophysics. Magnetic surveys record spatial variation in the Earth’s magnetic field. In archaeology, magnetic surveys are used to detect and map archaeological artifacts and features. Magnetic surveys are used in both terrestrial and marine archaeology.” (Wikipedia)
    • Geophysical and other scientific equipment (ERT, GPR, thermal camera+LiDAR on a large drone, magnetometer and portable XRF) rental for 14 days.
      • Subtotal for all of the above items except the archaeologist fee: $21,000.00
    • Subtotal: $22,000.00
  • On-the-ground travel expenses (14 days of work on-site in eastern Turkey):
    • Hotel rooms for 3 people from the universities teams ($55/night * 14 nights * 3 rooms) (Tehran Boutique Hotel).
      • Subtotal: $2,310.00
    • Meals & water for 5 people (includes 2 locals) ($10/meal * 2 meals * 14 days).
      • Subtotal: $1,400.00
    • 2 Rental cars ($65/day * 14 days).
      • Subtotal: $1,820.00
    • Fuel for 2 cars ($10/day * 14 days) (approximate).
      • Subtotal: $280.00
    • Airfare for 3 people going back and forth between Istanbul (IST) and Agri (AJI) in eastern Turkey (assumes 2 round trip flights each @ $125/RT flight during the project) (approximate). (Turkish Airlines)
      • Subtotal: $750.00
    • Subtotal: $6,560.00

Phase One Grand Total: $55,311.21

Latest due date: September 15, 2021

  • Analysis and reporting of all the geophysical surveys (GPR, ERT, etc.), the geomorphology mapping, and core drilling data.
    • “In archaeology, geophysical survey is ground-based physical sensing techniques used for archaeological imaging or mapping. Remote sensing and marine surveys are also used in archaeology, but are generally considered separate disciplines. Other terms, such as “geophysical prospection” and “archaeological geophysics” are generally synonymous.” (Wikipedia)
    • What will this tell us about the boat formation site? The final reports will give us not only the results from the labs for all the work done at the archaeological sites but will also give us the scientists’ interpretation of the data. We hope this will give us a road map for future work at the site including possible excavations.
    • Subtotal: $28,985.51
  • Scientific Testing of Samples at Tübitak MAM (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey). C-14 or age determination with different methods.
    • “The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey is a national agency of Turkey whose stated goal is to develop “science, technology and innovation” policies, support and conduct research and development, and to “play a leading role in the creation of a science and technology culture” in the country.” (Wikipedia)
    • What will this tell us about the boat formation site? This standard testing on the core samples and other geological samples collected at the site and in the region will help the scientists understand the history of the area. It will be another piece of the puzzle to look at when doing the final analysis.
    • Subtotal: $2,620.77

Phase Two Grand Total: $31,606.28

Latest due date: October 31, 2021

  • University fees to scientists doing the work.
    • Subtotal: $22,640.00
  • Zafer Onay’s fee (translating, fixer, guiding, driving, etc.).
    • Subtotal: $10,000.00
  • Nuri Sarihan’s fee (site security, local runner, preparing meals and drinks, allowing us access to his land).
    • Subtotal: $5,000.00
  • New hiking and walking trails with observation decks, picnic tables and benches, and outdoor signage around the boat formation through Nuri’s land for tourists (Click to view interactive map of the different phases.).
    • Subtotal: $5,000.00
  • Visitor Center renovation project (Phase 1. Click here for details.).
    • Subtotal: $13,574.00

Phase Three Grand Total: $56,214.00

Latest due date: November 30, 2021

  • Film budget (documentary film of the project)
    • Subtotal: $40,000.00
  • Film permit fee through the Turkish Film Commission.
    • Subtotal: $10,000.00

Optional Items Grand Total: $50,000

Phase One + Phase Two Grand Totals Combined:


Grand Total of the first 3 phases not including optional film budget:


*Based on an exchange rate of 8.2 Turkish Lira per US Dollar.